Understanding Periodontics: Treating Gum Disease to Prevent Tooth Loss

Understanding Periodontics: Treating Gum Disease

Struggling with sore, bleeding gums? You’re not alone. Gum disease affects many Australians, leading to serious dental problems like tooth loss if not treated promptly. This article will guide you through understanding periodontics and how it can combat gum disease to keep your smile healthy.

Preventing tooth loss starts here!

Key Takeaways

  • Gum disease starts with plaque buildup and can lead to tooth loss if not treated.
  • Periodontics focuses on diseases of the gums and bones around teeth, using treatments like scaling, root planing, and laser therapy.
  • Daily brushing, flossing, and regular dental check-ups are key to preventing gum disease.

What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease is a condition that affects the gums and bone supporting the teeth. It starts with plaque buildup on the teeth, leading to inflammation of the gum tissue.

Definition and Overview

Periodontics deals with protecting and treating diseases around the structures that support teeth. This includes gums, periodontal ligaments, and alveolar bone. The focus is on stopping, diagnosing, and managing conditions that harm these parts of the mouth.

Gingivitis marks the start of gum disease but can be turned around with better oral care. Without good hygiene habits like brushing your teeth and flossing daily, gingivitis may lead to more severe problems like periodontitis.

Factors such as smoking, diabetes, getting older, and genes raise the chance of developing these issues. Smoking in particular makes it harder for gum wounds to heal properly. It’s also vital to get your teeth checked regularly by dental professionals to catch any signs of trouble early on.

Common Symptoms

Moving from what periodontal disease is, we see how it affects people through various signs. Gum diseases show up in several ways. Gums may get red, swell up, or start bleeding easily.

Many folks also notice their breath smells bad even after brushing their teeth. Teeth might feel loose or wobble a bit when you eat. In some cases, gums pull back from the teeth, making them look longer than normal – this is gum recession.

Pus or other signs of infection may appear around the gumline, suggesting something’s wrong.

These symptoms can grow worse without proper dental care. Bleeding while you brush your teeth isn’t normal; it’s a clear sign of trouble at the gum line. Persistent bad breath might mean plaque and tartar are building up under your gums, leading to more serious issues like bone loss around your teeth.

If biting into an apple feels different than before because of changes in how your teeth fit together, don’t ignore it. These are all ways our bodies tell us that oral health needs attention right away to prevent further damage like tooth loss or needing surgical procedures to fix severe problems.

Stages of Gum Disease

Gum disease has two main stages.

The first stage is gingivitis, and the second stage is periodontitis.


Gingivitis is a common gum problem, marking the start of periodontal disease. It comes in different types like plaque-induced or caused by hormonal changes, especially in pregnant women.

This condition makes gums swell, turn red and tender, and even bleed during cleaning teeth. If your gums look shiny and bleed when you touch them gently with a dental tool, it might be gingivitis.

Healthy gums should appear pink or match your skin tone if you have dark skin. They should feel firm and show no signs of swelling or bleeding after checking with a periodontal probe.

Daily oral hygiene routines such as using fluoride toothpaste, dental floss, interdental brushes, along with regular visits to a dental hygienist can help prevent gingivitis from getting worse.

Pregnant women need to be extra careful because they face a higher risk of severe gingivitis that could affect their health beyond just their mouth.


Periodontitis follows gingivitis and comes in three stages: initial, moderate, and severe. It is a chronic condition where the gums become very inflamed, leading to bone loss around teeth.

This disease can even cause teeth to become loose or fall out. Habits like smoking are risky since they can increase the chances of getting periodontitis by up to 20 times. Poor dental care, diabetes, and genetics also play a big part in developing this gum disease.

Up to 80% of adults will face some form of periodontal disease during their life, making treatments like scaling and root planing crucial for managing symptoms such as tooth sensitivity and receding gums.

Periodontists often recommend deep cleaning or surgical procedures for those with severe cases. These actions aim to reduce bacterial plaque accumulation, helping prevent future issues like tooth mobility or loss.

Next up are modern ways to fight gum disease effectively.

Modern Treatments for Gum Disease

Modern treatments for gum disease include non-surgical methods like scaling and root planing, as well as advanced approaches such as laser therapy and surgical interventions. These treatments are effective at targeting the root cause of periodontal issues and promoting overall oral health.

Scaling and Root Planing

Scaling and root planing, often called deep dental cleaning, targets the area below the gumline to fight gum disease. Dentists or dental hygienists use special tools to remove plaque and tartar build-up that causes swollen gums and bad breath (halitosis).

This treatment helps in improving periodontal health by clearing out bacteria that lead to infection.

After this procedure, a patient must return for a periodontal re-evaluation four to six weeks later. This check-up assesses how well the gums have healed and if further treatments are necessary.

Regular periods of maintenance therapy keep periodontitis from coming back, ensuring teeth stay firm and healthy.

Long-term follow-ups are crucial for keeping gums healthy after scaling and root planing.

Laser Therapy

Laser therapy offers a modern way to fight gum disease with benefits that stand out. Smile Savers Dentistry uses LANAP laser gum surgery, making the process less harsh than traditional methods.

This technique leads to shorter times for recovery and healing. It also focuses just on the sick parts, leaving healthy areas untouched. Patients see less bleeding, pain, and swelling after their procedure.

After having laser gum surgery, taking care of your mouth is key. Eat soft but healthful food and keep up an excellent oral hygiene routine. Your dentist will give you specific advice to follow.

Some people might notice changes in their gums’ colour or feel some soreness and tooth sensitivity. Using the mouth rinse prescribed might leave an odd taste but it’s part of getting better.

Surgical Interventions

Surgical treatments play a key role in handling severe periodontitis. Dentists might perform flap surgery, also known as pocket reduction, to clean out bacteria from beneath your gums.

This can help reduce the space where harmful microbes grow, protecting your teeth and gums. Other surgical options include soft tissue grafts to treat receding gums, bone grafting to replace lost bone around your teeth, and guided tissue regeneration.

This procedure encourages natural bone and tissue growth when the existing support is too damaged.

In some cases, dentists apply tissue-stimulating proteins to help your body naturally repair damaged dental tissues. These advanced surgical techniques aim to halt further damage and save teeth that might otherwise be lost to periodontal disease.

Comfort Care Dental offers these specialised surgeries alongside other treatments such as scaling and root planing (SRP), LANAP laser treatment for gum healing without cutting, osseous surgery for reshaping bones under the gums, gum recession therapy, and techniques for regenerating lost bone around teeth roots.

Prevention and Maintenance

Preventing gum disease involves daily brushing and flossing. Regular dental check-ups are important for maintenance.

Daily Oral Hygiene Practices

Taking good care of your teeth and gums every day is vital to prevent gum disease. Brushing twice a day and flossing are key steps in keeping your mouth healthy. Here’s how you can maintain good oral hygiene:

  1. Use a soft-bristled tooth cleaner to gently clean your teeth. Hard brushes can harm gum tissue.
  2. Replace your tooth cleaner every three months or sooner if the bristles start to spread out.
  3. Fluoride toothpaste helps protect teeth enamel and prevent decay.
  4. Clean between your teeth daily with dental floss to remove plaque that a toothbrush can’t reach.
  5. Rinse your mouth with an antimicrobial mouthwash to reduce bacteria that cause plaque and gum disease.
  6. Eat a balanced diet and limit sugary snacks, which can contribute to tooth decay.
  7. Avoid tobacco products since smoking is a significant risk factor for gum disease.
  8. Diabetes management can help control blood sugar levels, reducing the risk of developing severe gum problems.
  9. Drink plenty of water throughout the day to help cleanse your mouth of food particles.

Brushing properly involves making circular motions gently along all surfaces of each tooth, ensuring not to press too hard against the gums.

Flossing requires careful insertion of the floss between teeth, curving it around each tooth in a “C” shape to clean effectively under the gumline without causing harm.

Next, we will discuss regular dental check-ups and how they play a crucial role in preventing gum disease progression.

Regular Dental Check-ups

Going for regular dental check-ups is key to fighting gum disease. These visits allow your dentist to spot any signs of trouble early. They use tools and techniques like medical imaging and deep cleaning to get a good look at what’s happening in your mouth.

It’s more than checking for cavities; these appointments cover periodontal maintenance too. This means they’re looking out for the health of your gums, ensuring things like gum grafts or bone grafts aren’t needed down the line.

Dentists also give advice on how to keep your teeth and gums healthy between visits. Learning the right way to brush, floss, and pick oral care products can make a big difference. Plus, professional teeth-cleaning sessions rid your mouth of tartar you can’t tackle alone at home.

Everyone in the dental office plays a role in guiding you to a healthier lifestyle that supports strong teeth and gums.

Consistent dental check-ups are vital for maintaining optimal oral health.


Understanding how to look after your gums and teeth is key. Periodontics helps us do just that by stopping gum disease in its tracks. Good oral health keeps our teeth where they should be, in our mouths! By using tools like scaling and root planing or even laser therapy, dentists can fight off gum disease.

Don’t forget, brushing, flossing, and seeing your dentist regularly make a big difference too. Taking care of your gums means taking care of your smile for the future.


1. What is periodontics and how does it relate to gum disease?

Periodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with diseases of the gums, including inflammation and infections. It involves treatments like scaling and root planning, dental cleanings, gum grafting, and even periodontal surgery if needed.

2. How can periodontal treatment prevent tooth loss?

Periodontal treatment helps manage gum diseases which could lead to loose teeth or require teeth extractions if left untreated. Procedures such as dental implants might be used for tooth replacement in severe cases.

3. Can gum disease impact other aspects of my health?

Yes, research has linked severe gum disease to complications like heart disease and stroke. For pregnant women, it may increase the risk of preterm birth or low birth weight babies.

4. Are there any lifestyle changes I can make to support my periodontal health?

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle through regular exercise along with proper oral hygiene using mouth rinses can help prevent gum diseases. Regular visits to your dental practice are also crucial for early diagnosis.

5. What happens during a dental emergency related to periodontics?

During a dental emergency involving gums or teeth such as an abscess or sensitive tooth issues, immediate actions like fillings or stitches might be required depending on the situation’s severity.

6. Besides treating disease, what other services do Periodontists provide?

Beyond disease prevention and treatment; Periodontists also perform cosmetic procedures like crowns or dentures installation when necessary following tooth enamel damage.


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